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Robert Lancer
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Abhi Verma

Create Tutorial for Beginners: How to Set up a Raspberry Pi out of the box

Need to help beginners with a step by step tutorial.

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Raspberry Pi
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Abhi Verma
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ROBOToTHON 2017 Mentor, Electronics Engineer
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where to post the complete tutorial? on this thread or somewhere else?

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Steven Reubenstone
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Here.

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Steven Reubenstone
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Actually post it on your own profile!

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Abhi Verma
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Tutorial:- How to Setup Raspberry pi out of the box?

Introduction:-
Raspberry is a tiny computer powered with ARM cpu along with 1 GB of RAM, 4 USB ports, Ethernet, HDMI, camera and other optional features. But what makes is special is the GPIO pins. Think about having the I/O features of Arduino or any other micro with processing power and speed of real computer. That’s what Raspberry pi is offering.
So here we are going to explain how to setup the raspberry pi for the first time.

Requirements :-
We gonna need following items:

  1. Raspberry pi x1
  2. A HDMI display or VGA monitor with hdmi to vga converter x1
  3. 5v-2A power supply for Raspberry pi(Cell phone charger is good) x1
  4. Optical mouse x1
  5. Keyboard x1
  6. Micro SD card and SD card reader (4 GB or more - class 4 minimum, higher is better) x1
  7. A Computer

Getting Things Ready:
First of all we have to download the OS for our Raspberry pi. To do this go to Click here to Download Raspbian OS- https://www.raspberrypi.org/downloads/raspbian/.
You can also Go to - https://www.raspberrypi.org/downloads/
and select among various third party OS. Meanwhile this tutorial is using Raspbian OS.

After Downloading the OS we need to prepare memory card for OS. we need to format the card and burn the image on SD card. to do this we will need two Software.

  1. SD Card Formatter- https://www.sdcard.org/downloads/formatter_4/
  2. Win32 Disk Imager- http://sourceforge.net/projects/win32diskimager/files/latest/download

Loading OS to SD Card:-
To load the OS in SD card. first plug in the SD card into your PC and Format it using SD card Formatter. select format size adjustments under options. CHECK THE DISK IN SD FORMATTER BEFORE FORMATTING…
After successful completion of formatting open the win32 disk imager and choose the Raspbian OS image you just downloaded. Choose the SD card in drive column. Please ensure that you have selected the SD card drive or you may corrupt your PC if you select any of it’s drives.
Then click on Write to Start the process. It may be time consuming depending class of your SD card.
When process is completed, un-plug your SD card and insert in Raspberry pi.

Booting Raspberry pi:-
Connect the Keyboard, Mouse and Monitor to the Raspberry pi. And then switch on the power.
Now when you switch on the power your Raspberry pi will boot into Raspbian OS. you will see a black screen scrolling down and then Raspberry logo. it may ask you for user name and password. if it does you should enter the default credentials i.e. username- pi , password- raspberry
in no time you will be looking at desktop of raspberry pi. Congratulations your Raspberry pi computer is ready.

But wait, I have some additional info to share about what should you do if don’t have the supporting hardware e.g. monitor, mouse, keyboard ???

There is another way to reduce the need of the monitor, mouse and keyboard. For that you have to connect your Raspberry pi to LAN cable(Ethernet) and use SSH terminal to control it via PC. I’m using second method as me don’t have the required accessories.
we will be using VNC viewer to use our laptop or mobile screen as display of Raspberry pi and interact with it.

To do this first of all follow all the above instructions and boot your raspberry pi. then download the PUTTY from here- http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~sgtatham/putty/download.html

and also download the VNC viewer from here- http://www.tightvnc.com/download.php

After downloading connect your pc and raspberry pi to the same network using LAN cable. then open the putty and connect to the IP address of the raspberry pi using SSH terminal.
It will ask you to enter username and password. enter “pi” as username and “raspberry” as password. you will not be able to see password on terminal when you are typing it, but it is being typed.

Now as you have login to Raspberry pi, it’s time to install the TightVNC server into the Raspberry pi. to do so type this command and press enter- "sudo apt-get install tightvncserver"
then it will ask for some confimation, press Y and hit enter. then you will some files are being downloaded.
when it’s finished, enter this command to start the vnc server.- "sudo tightvncserver"
it will ask you to set some passwords for the first time. enter the passwords and press enter. you will not able to see any password being typed as before. Now your VNC server is running.

On your pc open the tightvnc viewer and enter the IP address of your raspberry following “:1” e.g. 192.168.255.255:1
this :1 can be higher depending how many session of vnc server is running on your raspberry. you can see this number when you entered the command to run the vnc on raspberry pi.
After this you may see the raspberry pi display feed under your VNC and you will be able to control it using your pc’s mouse and keyboard.

So this tutorial ends here. have fun with this tiny computer.

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#Raspberry pi:=
Voila !!,The name itself gives us a taste of victory in the of IOT(Internet Of Things).So, you are the person who are interested in IOT things and wanted to do some home automation like jarvis in iron man,But don’t know where to start ?.Don’t worry this tutorial might be help you get started with Raspberry pi.
First of all don’t get confused with technical terms .
What is Raspberry pi?
Raspberry pi is nothing but a exact cpu that you use in your desktop computer but in extreme small size.But it can exactly do all things that an ordinary cpu does.By the element 14,
Raspberry pi is defined as the credit card sized computer that can be used for all the automation and remote control process.
since this tutorial is entirely for newbies who don’t know technical terms,I am going to suggest you a very easy way to use it.

STEP 1:
First of all go to

this
site and order the complete set of raspberry pi 2 with sd card which will comes with the noobs(Rasbian os) preinstalled.
STEP 2:
Insert the given sd card in the raspberry pi at the slot present in the raspberry pi.

STEP 3:
Next , open up the raspberry pi and connect it to power adapter they have given (5v power supply). Now you need a output display screen . The kit provides a HDMI cable in which you can use with LCD or LED Tv just connect it to your TV. And in your TV change the mode HDMI1 or HDMI2 depends on your TV or Just connect it to your desktop monitor if you have provision for HDMI or else if you have only VGA port.Don’t worry go this site
amazon
and buy HDMI to VGA cable and just connect it to HDMI cable of one side and another side to the monitor.
STEP 4:
At , the instance when you power on the raspberry pi ,it starts booting.After completing step3 you can see the texts and images in the screen, And it will ask you for installation of Operating System(Raspbian) into Raspberry pi.Click ok and choose desired configuration based on your use.
It takes some time to install and it will get installed.
STEP 5:
At now , either it will open with a Terminal or a GUI(Graphical User Interface just like windows).If you got terminal(it is just a black screen with text,in which you enter a command to do a particular task instead of using a GUI) Just type startx and it will get you in to the GUI.Then for the username:pi password:raspberry and press enter.
That’ it you have started with the Raspberry pi!!
Congrats !! for your future projects.

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Student
 · PeshawarPakistan
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How can me take a backup of our SD card ?

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